Career in Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering –as the name itself suggests- is a branch of engineering that is all about making and operating electronic devices. Basically, it studies uses and applications of electricity, electro-magnetism and electronics, right from pocket calculators to the present generations.

The computer or mobile screen on which you are reading this exists because many years ago, scientists discovered electricity and devised ways to utilise it. In simple words, electrical engineering teaches how to study electricity, how it can be used for different purposes and the different equipment in which its used. 
Electricity is such a powerful resource and its uses are so many that a number of sub disciplines have branched out in it.  Some of them are Electronics, Microelectronics, Signal Processing, Telecommunications and Computers.
In addition to those sub disciplines mentioned above, electrical engineering often encompasses two other related disciplines, where despite not being the main thrust, it is are often used as a sub discipline. These include:
Biomedical engineering
Students enrolling into electrical engineering courses usually gain a deeper understanding about electrical networks, electrical energy distribution systems, computer fundamentals and electromagnetic theory, as well as various devices. Electronics, Energy resources and Conversion, Electromagnetic Field Theory, Applied Instrumentation, Microprocessors and peripheral devices are some of the subjects that this study touches upon.

Career Prospects

Thanks to the mammoth-like size of the electronics industry and the rapidly increasing use of electricity, Career opportunities in Electrical Engineering are also increasing.
Some of the options available to you include those in the field of Manufacturing, Design, Sales, Management and distribution of electrical equipment
After completing a degree in electrical engineering, you can choose from a variety of industries to work for, which include Aerospace industry, Automobile industry, Power generation industry, Electronics industry and Defence.

Jobs & Salary

Some of the work positions in these industries are:
Electrical junior engineer
Power engineer
Maintenance engineer
Machine control in charge
Electrical sales engineer
Depending on the field or industry you choose, In addition to the various IT companies as well as movie production houses, there are several companies and business organsiations that offer jobs to those who have completed their electrical engineering degrees. Here is a brief list of companies that you can approach for jobs after completing your electrical engineering degree:

What you get paid as an electrical engineer will ideally depend on your experience as well as the skill sets that you have gained. Different industries have different pay scales for electrical engineers. Similarly, whether you opt for public sector or private companies will also play a role in the amount you draw as your annual salary.

Pros & Cons


A wide range of career opportunities
Challenging work
Intellectual development
Financial security


Workload is more than many other fields; often, you have to work for long hours
Report writing plays a major role, which could be a chore for some
Although relatively high paying, it is not as high paying as some of the other fields

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